Bunions can change your gait, causing pain, swelling, and discomfort near the joint of your big toe. At Austin Foot & Ankle Institute, in Austin, Lakeway and Cedar Park, Texas, board-certified orthopedic surgeons Pedro Cosculluela, MD, and Andrew M. Ebert, MD, specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of bunions. They can offer various treatment options, ranging from conservative approaches to surgical procedures. Call your nearest location today or schedule an appointment online to learn more.
Bunions are bony protrusions that usually develop at the base of the big toe. They occur when the big toe deviates toward the second toe, causing the joint at its base to protrude outward. Over time, the joint enlarges, causing the big toe to drift further toward the other four toes.
A bunion can cause significant pain and discomfort. It can change your walking pattern, which may add stress to other parts of your foot and lead to additional foot problems, such as corns, calluses, and hammertoes.
Bunions are usually visibly apparent. Along with a bony bump at the base of your big toe, you may experience:
As the bunion grows, the big toe can turn inward, taking up the room of the second toe, which then commonly overlaps the big toe. This can make wearing shoes uncomfortable.
A combination of genetic and environmental factors can cause bunions. Sometimes, bunions run in families. If you have close relatives with bunions, take precautionary steps to protect your feet.
Other common causes of bunions include:
Uneven weight distribution on the feet can also cause bunions.
Dr. Cosculluela and Dr. Ebert can typically diagnose a bunion during a visual exam. They may perform additional testing to determine the severity of your condition and plan your treatment. An X-ray can help check the alignment of your toes and identify damage to the joint at the base of the big toe.
Dr. Cosculluela and Dr. Ebert provide complete care for bunions and offers a range of nonsurgical and surgical options to improve your comfort. At Austin Foot & Ankle Institute, your personalized treatment plan for bunions may include:
If you have a bunion, early intervention is essential to preserve your foot health and function. Call Austin Foot & Ankle Institute today or schedule an appointment online to get the quality care you deserve.